Minutes of Sacred Harp Singings

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Camp Fasola, Youth Emphasis

Camp Lee, Anniston, Alabama

July 1-5, 2019

Monday, July 1

Arrival, Registration, and Orientation

Registration for Camp Fasola, 2019; Youth Emphasis, began at 4:00 p.m. Campers were issued t-shirts, procedures lists, maps, and identification badges. Campers had free time for recreation, followed by counselor orientation sessions, and then by supper at 6:00 p.m. Every one attending camp met with David Ivey in Lakeview Lodge at 7:00 p.m. for general orientation and instructions.

Class Singing

7:30 p.m. Led by Youth Counselors. The class was called to order by Sarah Trumbore and Justin Bowen leading 68b. James Eldridge offered the opening prayer. Leaders: Rachel Rudi, Jade Thompson, Anna Hinton, Annaliza Cull, and Rebekah Clay 282; Alvaro Duarte, Taylor Watkins, and Malachi Lloyd 48t; Beth Ann Clay, Molly Silva, Trinity Cook, and Lacy Collier 89; Tom George, Zach Silva, and Ezra Lloyd 56b; Katherine Eldridge, Taylor Cook, and Ainslie Allen 196; James Eldridge, Brodie Lee, and Eli Hinton 448t; Sarah Trumbore, Emma Hayden Calvert, and Celeste Silva 388; Justin Bowen, Jared Pope, and Caleb Silva 277; Sasha Hsuczyk, Lina Silva, April Watkins, and Mary Francis Clay 142; Drew Smith, Cody Bagley, and Josiah Robinson 129; Lela Crowder, Holly Mixon, Lainey Martin, Tullaia Powell, and Sierra Saylors 547; Philippe Doyle-Gosselin and Russell Pope 128; Samuel Sommers and Jim Neal 92; Stefani Priskos and Prisca Rice 472; Dan Brittain and Barrett Patton 456 (for Joyce Walton); Jennifer Allred Lee and Cheyenne Ivey 377; Scott DePoy and Jeannette DePoy 457; Lucey Rose Karlsberg and Lauren Bock 186; Emily Stutzman and Lydia Lewallen 298; Daniel Bearden and Rob Bahler 512; Idy Kiser and Paula Oliver 564; Michael Darby and Laura Ann Russell 501; Judy Caudle and Gillian Inksetter 527; Nathan Rees and Jonathon Smith 370; Nicholas Thompson and Pam Nunn 318; Wren Hyde and Becca Hawkins 426b; Vella Dailey and Amy Pope 59; Gerald Shoultz and Joshua Lant 505; Elizabeth Poss and Elsa Phemayotin 38b; Karen Ivey and David Ivey 464 (for Rozlyn Greene). Sarah Trumbore and Justin Bowen led 323t as the closing song. Alvaro Witt Duarte gave the devotional and led 335. The class was dismissed.

Lesson: Rudiments I / Youth I

9:00 a.m. Teacher—Lauren Bock. Lauren began by introducing herself, and getting to know campers. She talked about sound and music. Lauren and the class expressed sounds by exercising voices, high to low, quiet to loud, and slow to fast. She identified the four shapes used in the Sacred Harp, and the class practiced recognition. Lauren explained that a scale is a sequence of notes, with a repeating pattern, and measurement of pitch. The class practiced singing the major scale. Lauren introduced intervals, the staff, modes of time, duration of notes, and accent. The class sang 49t, and was dismissed.

Lesson: Rudiments I / Youth II

9:00 a.m. Teacher—Justin Bowen. Justin welcomed the class, and led 56t and 45t. Justin discussed aspects of Sacred Harp singing, including dispersed harmony and accent. He reviewed the shapes, and the class practiced singing scales. He talked about rhythmics, and referred to the Rudiments, page 14. Justin turned to page 288, and the class discussed the features of the song, and then sang the tenor line. The class moved into parts, and Justin led the class in singing the exercise on page =25. Other songs used during the class were 49t, 105, 406, 45b, 438, and 47t. The class was dismissed.

Lesson: Rudiments I / Adults

9:00 a.m. Teacher—Samuel Sommers. Samuel welcomed the class, and led 24b. He offered prayer. Sam expounded traditional practices on the importance of time based on observing his mentors. He explained that while many fine singers do not, he was taught that it is good practice to start with your hand up, even if there is a rest. He used the exercises on pages 15-16 of the Rudiments to explain common time, triple time, and compound time. Sam reflected that some are born modest, some become modest, and some have modesty forced upon them, at which time he positioned and demonstrated his frame of modesty (an empty rectangular frame on a stand). The frame is used to demonstrate beating time, utilizing modest downward and upward strokes, and within an area that is most visible by all parts. The leader, Sam noted, is right by definition. Sam used a digital metronome for some modes of time to show tempos suggested by the time signatures, an eye opener in some cases. Leaders: Annaliza Cull 344; Emily Stutzman 330t; Paula Oliver 268; Joyce Smith 572; Sierra Saylors 320; Wren Hyde 329; Gerald Shoultz 301. Between each song, discussion focused on time signatures and time changes, rests, repeats, and fermatas. Samuel led 409, and the class was dismissed.

Elective: Team Tunesmith I / Sacred Harp Composition

10:30 a.m. Teacher—Aldo Ceresa. Aldo welcomed the class, and led 101t. Aldo gave a brief over-view of Team Tunesmith, and its history. He then broke down the aspects of Canaan’s Land, and its pentatonic nature. The class then ventured into the composition handout. Aldo pointed out that the best textbook for learning to write Sacred Harp songs is the Sacred Harp. He also mentioned that living composers are a valuable resource. Aldo laid out a few general guidelines when starting to compose, and discussed a few tips for starting to write. Traditionally, it is advised to begin with writing the tenor line, then bass line, then treble line, and finally, the alto line. The class broke into groups as follows: Group 1—Drew Smith, Elizabeth Poss, and Em Ekelund; Group 2—Philippe Doyle-Gosselin, Stefani Priskos, and Ezra Lloyd; Group 3—Josiah Robinson, Gillian Inksetter, and Joyce Smith. Each group was given copies of a tenor line, and the exercise is to write harmony parts. The results will be sung later in the week. The class was dismissed.

Lesson: Learning Songs / Youth

1:00 p.m. Teachers—Lela Crowder and Tom George. Tom and Lela welcomed the class, and led 82t. Campers practiced singing and leading songs with feedback from the teachers. The songs used in the class were 163b, 142, 421, and 52b. The class was dismissed.

Lesson: Sister Songsmiths / A Look at the Lancaster Sisters

1:00 p.m. Teachers—Sasha Hsuczyk and Lauren Bock. Lauren and Sasha led 345b to bring the class together. They spoke in tandem about the lives and compositions of the Lancaster sisters. James Lancaster and his wife, Charity, lived in Georgia in the 1830s, had three daughters: Ann, Priscilla (Sid), and Sarah. The family lived in an area where a lot of singers and composers also resided. By the mid-1800s, the girls were composing. They each have compositions in the Sacred Harp, but Sarah was by far the most prolific, composing songs in the Sacred Harp style including camp meeting songs and fugues. Sarah lived with the B.F. White family for a time, and became somewhat obsessed with composition. Lauren and Sasha read excerpts from letters that passed between the sisters during this time. Leaders: Emma Hayden Calvert 406; Caleb Silva, Lauren Bock, and Sasha Hsuczyk 374; Wren Hyde and April Watkins 112; Lauren and Sasha 460. The class was dismissed.

Elective: Greatest and Ungreatest Hits

2:10 p.m. Teacher—Jesse P. Karlsberg. Jesse and the class discussed things that would make a song popular or unpopular. Some likely reasons for popularity were purpose (open or close a singing), fun to sing, easy to sing, and fugue. Reasons a song might be less popular were hard to sing, long, only three-parts, and seasonal content. There was no significant difference in popularity of major or minor tunes. Leaders: Daniel Bearden 359; Colleen Hayes 276; Wren Hyde 459; Michael Darby 293; Philippe Doyle-Gosselin 570. Jesse reviewed the information in graphical data for some tunes, and revealed some regional diversity of certain songs. Samuel Sommers led 450, and the class was dismissed.

Lesson: How to Beat the Seven Modes of Time / Youth

3:30 p.m. Teacher—Stuart Ivey. Stuart introduced the seven modes of time used in the Sacred Harp: three modes of common time; two modes of triple time; and two modes of compound time. Stuart explained that all the modes of common and compound time are beat with the arm motion down and up, and that triple time modes are beat with down, down, and up motions. The class stood and practiced the arm motions. Stuart introduced the ictus point that defines the beat. He discussed the physical motions associated with beating time that encompasses approximately =130 degrees. These physical motions are primarily the elbow, and also the wrist and shoulder to a lesser extent. The class practiced keeping time by singing the following songs: 49t, 63, 87, and 30b. Stuart demonstrated a preparatory gesture that can precede the start of keeping time, and the class was dismissed.

Lesson: Leading Workshop / Adults

3:30 p.m. Teachers—Gillian Inksetter and Judy Caudle. Campers were encouraged to lead songs of their choice while the teachers gave feedback. Leaders: Caleb Silva 198; Barrett Patton 390, 503; Katherine Eldridge 320; Eli Hinton 405; Elizabeth Poss 183; Bridget Jamison 148; (first time leader) Jacob Robinson 84; Laura Ann Russell 380; Prisca Rice 48t; Jim Neal 56b; Emily Stutzman 276.

Lesson: Accent

3:30 p.m. Teacher—Nathan Rees. Nathan welcomed the class, and said that he had attended Camp since 2007. He referred to the Rudiments, page 16, section 14, which defines accent. The class practiced accent in common time, triple time, and compound time. Nathan encouraged campers to practice accenting notes and words. The class sang 56b and 347 for accent practice in triple time. They sang 67 and 360 for accent practice in compound time. They sang 97, and Nathan made note of syncopation. Nathan led 240, and the class practiced changing accent with changing mode of time. Nathan encouraged campers to practice accent, and dismissed the class.

Elective: Unlocking Keying Mysteries / Teens and Beginners

4:45 p.m. Teachers—Lauren Bock and Gillian Inksetter. Lauren and Gillian gave practical tips about learning to key Sacred Harp music, such as knowing the scales, recognizing chords in the song, scanning the song for very high notes or very low notes. They also pointed out some things that may cause distress when trying to learn to key, encouraging campers to practice at home or with small groups. Campers practiced keying songs, and the class was dismissed.

Class Singing

7:30 p.m. Led by Youth Boys. The class was called to order by Eli Hinton leading 63. Josiah Robinson offered the opening prayer. Leaders: Jael Lloyd, Elyssa Lloyd, Havilah Lloyd, and Amariah Lloyd 84; Joyce Smith, Em Ekelund, and Colleen Hayes 375; Gillian Inksetter, Emily Stutzman, Bridget Jamison, Elizabeth Poss, and Stefani Priskos 386; Rob Bahler and Jim Neal 332; Laura Ann Russell, Michael Darby, and Idy Kiser 300; Paula Oliver and Judy Caudle 208; Aldo Ceresa, Jonathon Smith, and Nathan Rees 200; Beth Ann Clay, Mary Francis Clay, and Rebekah Clay 274t; Caleb Silva and family 157; Anna Hinton and Eli Hinton 40; Wren Hyde, Sarah Trumbore, and Ryan Nash 217; Ainslie Allen and Emma Hayden Calvert 460; Becca Hawkins, Jennifer Lee, and Prisca Rice 192; Tullaia Powell and Sierra Saylors 142; Justin Bowen and Tom George 418; Joshua Lant, Philippe Doyle-Gosselin, and Russell Pope 87; Taylor Watkins and April Watkins 445; Rachel Rudi, Jeannette DePoy, and Lela Crowder 77t; Gerald Shoultz and Daniel Bearden 442; Lainey Martin, Holly Mixon, and Cheyenne Ivey 455; Elsa Phemayotin, Katherine Eldridge, and Lauren Bock 377; Jesse P. Karlsberg and Stuart Ivey 373; James Eldridge and Brodie Lee 82t; Alvaro Witt Duarte, Sasha Hsuczyk, and Scott DePoy 422; Nicholas Thompson and Barrett Patton 336; Dan Brittain and David Ivey 353. Eli Hinton led 99 as the closing song. Josiah Robinson presented the devotional.

Tuesday, July 3

Lesson: Rudiments II / Youth I

9:00 a.m. Teacher—Lauren Bock. Lauren reviewed duration of notes and rests and modes of time. Lauren and the class discussed the elements of a song, including time signature, mode of time, rests, repeats, and fermatas. Lauren, Emma Hayden Calvert, and Celeste Silva led 48t. Lauren led 49b, and Ainslie Allen led 146. The class was dismissed.

Lesson: Rudiments II / Youth II

9:00 a.m. Teacher—Justin Bowen. Justin welcomed the class, and led 52t. He reviewed the major scale, intervals, and tonic notes. Justin referred to the Rudiments, page 19, and discussed accidentals. Leaders: Em Ekelund 350; Sadie Bagley and Shelby Bagley 168; Justin Bowen 36b; Barrett Patton 454. Justin reviewed compound time. Taylor Cook led 146 and Justin led 275b. The class sang the major scale and intervals. Justin referred to page 22 of the Rudiments, and discussed chords and harmony. Trinity Cook led 348b, Justin led 434, 82t, and Ezra Lloyd led 31t. The class was dismissed.

Lesson: Rudiments II / Adults

9:00 a.m. Teacher—Samuel Sommers. Samuel led 76t, offered prayer, and welcomed the class. He briefly reviewed yesterday’s topic, stating the importance of time, which gives the music life. The focus of today’s class is melodics. Sam encouraged campers to learn to sing tenor when leading. Sam drilled the class in singing scales and intervals for a time and observed that many of our melodies are large sections of scales. Sam asked Judy Caudle to lead 218 (notes only), then turn one quarter turn, facing the basses as the new tenors and lead 218 again; altos sang the bass part; trebles sang the alto part; and tenors sang the treble part. The class continued its study of melodics through practice of scales and intervals found in the songs on pages 87, 411, 159, and 431. The class was dismissed.

Lesson: Learning Songs / Youth

1:00 p.m. Teachers—Gillian Inksetter and Drew Smith. Gillian and Drew led 472. Dan Brittain was a guest in this class, and gave campers tips from his many years of experience. They reviewed and practiced the major scale. Leaders: Ellie, Meg, Eli, Taylor, Bonnie and Trinity 313b; Holly Mixon and Molly Silva 481; Dan Brittain “Chmielno”. Class was dismissed.

Elective: Bringing in Parts

2:10 p.m. Teacher—Lauren Bock. Lauren talked about ways to transition from leading plain tunes to fuguing tunes and bringing in the harmony parts. Leaders: Stefani Priskos 209; Joyce Smith 300; Emily Stutzman 361; Laura Ann Russell 196; Lydia Lewallen 189; Josiah Robinson 419; Judy Caudle 182; Gerald Shoultz 107. The class was dismissed.

Lesson: Sacred Harp Harmony

3:30 p.m. Teacher—Aldo Ceresa. Aldo welcomed the class, and led 56t. He noted that the song is pentatonic, and is frequently used as an opening or closing song. He said that research shows many dismissive comments about Sacred Harp music, but that it follows its own rules—not European models. The class discussed parallel movements of intervals, crossing voices between the tenor part and one or more harmony parts, and the thunder and lightning effect of parts repeating the same phrase of notes and words. Songs sung during the class were 70b, 163t, 573, 462, and 369. Many other songs were discussed: some with exciting harmonies and some with boring harmonies. The class was dismissed.

Lesson: Scales and Intervals

3:30 p.m. Teacher—Samuel Sommers. Sam led 358, and offered prayer. Sam said that Murillo’s Lesson is used often in singing schools because it gives a solid foundation for Sacred Harp singing. Sam talked about keys of convenience. He and the class practiced singing the major scale. Then they practiced sounding a triad chord. Sam noted that the beginning sound in the triad is the tonic note, and also noted that the bass part always ends on the tonic. The class practiced singing both major and minor scales, and then sang the tenor part on page 206. Other songs sung during the class are on pages 431, 351, and 570. Class was dismissed.

Lesson: Leading Practice / Youth

3:30 p.m. Teachers—Sasha Hsuczyk and Nathan Rees. Sasha and Nathan welcomed the class, and led 371. Leaders and selections: Eli Hinton 142; Emma Hayden Calvert 445; Celeste Silva 209; April Watkins 208; Taylor Cook 354b; Sadie Bagley 376; Trinity Cook 59; Jade Thompson, Ellie Harris, and Meg Robinson 87; Havilah Lloyd 47b. Class was dismissed.

Elective: Leading Workshop

4:45 p.m. Teachers—Gillian Inksetter and Judy Caudle. Gillian began by leading 68b. Campers selected songs to lead and practice skills as follows: Gerald Shoultz 198; Bridget Jamison 107; Elsa Phemayotin 567; Em Ekelund 440; Gerald Shoultz 434; Stefani Priskos 349; Bridget Jamison 86; Joyce Smith 59; Em Ekelund 185; Gerald Shoultz 361; Elsa Phemayotin 424. Class was dismissed.

Elective: Revision Town Hall

4:45 p.m. Teacher—David Ivey. David welcomed the campers, and addressed the process by which the decision to revise the book was reached. He mentioned the value of a songbook and the many emotions tied to it. He talked of the rapid expansion of the singing community since the last revision was done, and noted that major revisions have generally been done in approximately thirty-year intervals. He spoke of the committee’s goals for the revision, noting that the revision will be similar in nature to the previous revision, and will encompass both design and content. There was a period of questions and answers. Alvaro Witt Duarte dismissed the class with prayer.

Class Singing

7:30 p.m. Led by Youth Girls. Tullaia Powell and Emma Hayden Calvert called the class to order by leading 76b. Holly Mixon offered the opening prayer. Leaders: Lela Crowder and Prisca Rice 122; Jennifer Lee and Brodie Lee 82t; Ainslie Allen and April Watkins 186; Corinne Wells and Amy Wells 472; Allison Whitener, Grace Whitener, Karen Ivey, and Cheyenne Ivey 182; Bridget Jamison and Stefani Priskos 319; Holly Mixon and Sarah Trumbore 377; Sierra Saylors, Annaliza Cull, and Lainey Martin 300; Josiah Robinson and Jonathon Smith 86; Eli Hinton and Zach Silva 277; Sadie Bagley and Sasha Hsuczyk 376; Jared Pope and Philippe Doyle-Gosselin 168; Ada Silva and Katherine Eldridge 373; Jade Thompson and Jeannette DePoy 59; Taylor Watkins and David Ivey 111b; James Eldridge, Tom George, and Samuel Sommers 534; Malachi Lloyd, Ezra Lloyd, and Celeste Silva 74b; Nathan Rees and Aldo Ceresa 273; Justin Bowen and Em Ekelund 326; Amariah Lloyd, Havilah Lloyd, Jael Lloyd, and Elyssa Lloyd 47b; Colleen Hayes, Joyce Smith, and Elsa Phemayotin 322; Taylor Cook and Trinity Cook 159; Beth Ann Clay and Ryan Nash 189; Lydia Lewallen, Wren Hyde, and Becca Hawkins 217; Lauren Bock and Barrett Patton 302; Laura Ann Russell and Michael Darby 148; Nicholas Thompson, Pam Nunn, and Judy Caudle 216; Jesse P. Karlsberg and Dan Brittain 481. Tullaia Powell and Emma Hayden Calvert led 282 as the closing song. The devotional was given by Taylor Cook. Holly Mixon dismissed the class with prayer.

Thursday, July 4

Lesson: Rudiments III / Youth I

9:00 a.m. Teacher—Lauren Bock. Lauren welcomed the class, and began by talking about octaves. She asked Tom George to help, and together they sang a scale that began low and continued to high to demonstrate the different octaves. Lauren introduced the minor scale, and the class practiced. Lauren, April, and Taylor led 274t. Lauren reviewed accent, and the class practiced the minor scale again. Malachi Lloyd and Taylor Watkins led 300, and the class was dismissed.

Lesson: Rudiments III / Youth II

9:00 a.m. Teacher—Justin Bowen. Justin welcomed the class, and led 33b. The class practiced the major scale in rounds, and then sang 358. The class practiced the minor scale and intervals, and then in rounds. Justin talked about accent, encouraging campers to observe emphasis on certain beats in the measure, placing less emphasis on the secondary accent than the primary, without shortening the duration of the primary. The class sang 30b, 187, 114, 133, 448t, 69t, 387, and 153. The class was dismissed.

Lesson: Rudiments III / Adults

9:00 a.m. Teacher—Samuel Sommers. Sam called the class to order by leading 30t, and offered prayer. He talked about accent, referring to page 16 of the Rudiments, and encouraged distinct emphasis over choppiness. The class practiced accent with Emily Stutzman leading 203, and Aldo Ceresa leading 132. Sam reviewed repeats, and offered tips on how to signal a repeat that isn’t mandatory. He also explained the notations of D.C., D.S., fine, and the sign. He talked about rests, and noted some violations of rests such as singing, talking, or foot stomping. Laura Ann Russell led 98 and Michael Darby led 441. Next, Sam reviewed slurs, ties, and joined flags. He pointed to page 419, and gave an example of a slur in the tenor part that is commonly sung incorrectly. Leaders: Joyce Smith 412; Em Ekelund 33b; Samuel Sommers 167. The class was dismissed.

Elective: Dinner on the Ground

10:45 a.m. Teacher—Nicholas Thompson. Nicholas welcomed the class, and talked about the dishes someone might take to a singing. He related personal experiences about dishes he had made, both disasters and triumphs. He spoke about utensils and supplies including crockpots, coolers, ice packs, and serving spoons. He suggested labels for utensils and for food such as vegan, vegetarian, or spicy. He addressed his method of shopping for ingredients, and brought recipes to share. The class made Cucumber Salad, Banana Pudding, and Holy Smoke to share with the campers at dinner. Class was dismissed.

Lesson: The Memorial Lesson

1:00 p.m. Teachers—Jeannette DePoy and Scott DePoy. Jeannette welcomed the class, and referred to the Rudiments, page 25, section 8. Some information on documented memorial lessons, dating back to the late 1800s, can be found in Buell Cobb’s book. Other resources, such as a newspaper article, can give information about memorial lessons. For example, B.F. White’s eulogy was lengthy, and not published in the minutes, but was published in the local newspaper. Jeannette noted that the memorial lesson was the means many people learned of illness or death among their acquaintances in the Sacred Harp community. Scott talked of conducting a memorial lesson including the selection of people, providing a list of names, selection of song/songs, and selection of topics. He also noted that the memorial lesson is an appropriate and supportive place for talking about death and mourning. Scott and Jeannette gave opportunity for campers to talk about their experience. Ted Brown noted his remembrance of the memorial lesson that took place when his mother died. Barrett Patton talked of the support he received from singers when he had surgery in 2013. Idy Kiser spoke of the responses from singers when she was diagnosed with breast cancer in 2018. Jonathon Smith spoke of support, both emotional and financial, from singers when he had surgery in 2018, and chemotherapy in 2019.

The memorial committee conducted the Camp FaSoLa memorial lesson. Gerald Shoultz spoke on behalf of the sick and shut-ins, calling us to think about the names on the list, some well-known and some less familiar. Each name on the list, however, is remembered by someone in this room. Gerald also asked us to remember their caregivers. Gerald reminded us that Christ healed the sick directly, and still does, but often He uses other people as instruments of healing and support of the sick, the shut-in, and the dying. Pray for these caregivers. Thank them. Ask yourself what you can do to be of service to them. Here are the names of people on the sick and shut-ins list: Velton Chafin, Ottis Sides, Norma Mincey, Judy Mincey, Charlene Wallace, Bea Aaron, Chris Holley, Wayne Reed, Rozlyn Greene, Jennifer Jones, Jerry Mason, Merv Horst, Carol Winkler, Coy Ivey, Scott Robinson, and Loralee Rees. Gerald led 70t in honor of the sick and shut-ins.

Em Ekelund spoke in memory of the deceased. She related her personal experience with death and grief, as her father had died just a couple of months previously. She said she located her singing community, and sang with them for many hours. She told of the many and varied emotions that come from being close to death, but she also spoke of the treasured gifts that come from those who have experienced grief. Stefani Priskos and Em Ekelund led 288 in memory of the following deceased: Eugene Forbes, Willodean Barton, Ronald Gilmore, Hazel Gilmore, Roy Nelson, Alex Priskos, and Jane Tate—Alabama; Susan Roberts, Betty Boone Etheridge, and Lonnie Rogers—Georgia; Aaron Graves—South Carolina; Tanner Swick—Louisiana; Duncan Cull—Kentucky; Concetta Branson—Oregon; Suzanne Gosselin and Gordon Ekelund—Canada; William Toole—Tennessee; Adelaide Vaughn and Doug Webb—Texas; Paul Wilson—Minnesota; Michael Kaye and Mary Ellen Schrock—New York; Elizabeth Rechenberg—Ohio; and Michael Appert—Illinois. Becca Hawkins closed the memorial service with prayer.

Lesson: Learning Songs and Youth Memorial Lesson

1:00 p.m. Teachers—Holly Mixon and Jim Neal. Holly and Jim welcomed the class. Holly and the class discussed observations and experiences from past memorial lessons. She spoke of the importance of the lists made for the memorial lesson: the importance of the names of the people listed whether sick and shut-ins, care givers, or deceased. Leaders: Holly Mixon and April Watkins 470; Holly Mixon and Eli Hinton 46; Celeste Silva and Taylor Cook 163b; Elyssa Lloyd, Malachi Lloyd, and Havilah Lloyd 448b; Sadie Bagley and Holly Mixon 445, 47b; Lacy Collier and Jim Neal 69t; April Watkins and Jim Neal 111b; Taylor Cook 354b; Ainslie Allen 103. Class was dismissed.

Team Tunesmith II – Composium

4:15 p.m. Teacher—Aldo Ceresa. Aldo welcomed the class, and led 530. Aldo, the three tunesmith groups, and other campers sang compositions composed during the week. The work was discussed, and feedback shared. The class was dismissed.

Community Singing

7:00 p.m. Led by Young Adults. The class was called to order by Wren Hyde and Rob Bahler, who welcomed visitors from nearby communities. They led 274t, and Chaplain Bridget Jamison offered the opening prayer. Leaders: (the Arranging Committee) Elsa Phemayotin, Cheyenne Ivey, Lydia Lewallen, and Elizabeth Poss 144; Scott DePoy and Donna Bell 32t; Gerald Shoultz 84; Alvaro Witt Duarte and Katherine Eldridge 441; Annaliza Cull, Anna Hinton, and Eli Hinton 155; Matt Hinton and Jim Neal 496; Jennifer Allred Lee and Brodie Lee 196; Prisca Rice, Holly Mixon, Trinity Cook, and Taylor Cook 59; Ruth Wampler and Susan Cherones 564; Emma Hayden Calvert and Wanda Capps 460; Dan Brittain and Joshua Lant 458; Ezra Lloyd, Celeste Silva, Ada Silva, and Malachi Lloyd 209; Emily Stutzman, Bridget Jamison, Colleen Hayes, and Paula Oliver 423; Lela Crowder, Pam Nunn, and Judy Caudle 454; Glen Pontbriand and Lucas Jordan 282; Mary Francis Clay, Rebekah Clay, and Lainey Martin 178; Scott Ivey, Samuel Sommers, and David Ivey 573; Tullaia Powell and Sierra Saylors 455; Sasha Hsuczyk and Hollie Long 30b; Elyssa Lloyd, Jael Lloyd, Amariah Lloyd, and Havilah Lloyd 448b; Philippe Doyle-Gosselin and Barrett Patton 419.

RECESS

Wren Hyde and Rob Bahler led 105 to bring the class back together. Leaders: Taylor Watkins 300; Lisa Bennett and David Smead 346; Shelby Bagley, Toby Bagley, Cody Bagley, and Sadie Bagley 203; Aldo Ceresa and Josiah Robinson 506; Nicholas Thompson and James Eldridge 507; Ainslie Allen and April Watkins 542; Tom George and Sarah Trumbore 451; Jack Nelson and Samuel Williams 408; Rebecca Over and Winfred Kerr 283; Teresa Saylors and David Saylors 472; Justin Bowen and Caleb Harvey 411; Stefani Priskos and Rachel Rudi 349; Katie Ahern and Joanna Bennett 328; Lauren Bock and Lina Silva 124; Zach Silva and Daniel Bearden 277; Jeannette DePoy 475; Em Ekelund and Becca Hawkins 436; Jerusha Wheeler 432; Gillian Inksetter 367; Jesse P. Karlsberg and Tim Gregg 228; Virginia Eldridge, Katherine Eldridge, and James Eldridge 421; Dennis George and Cheyenne Ivey 179; Andy Ditzler and David Brodeur 488; Erica Hinton and Michelle Cull 382; Laura Ann Russell and Michael Darby 133; Beth Anne Clay 270; Jonathon Smith 126. Wren Hyde and Rob Bahler led 406 as the closing song. Bridget Jamison offered the closing prayer, and the class was dismissed.

Friday, July 5

Campers met with David Ivey in the Ark. The class sang 62, while taking the parting hand. Samuel Sommers offered the closing prayer, and camp was dismissed.

Camp Director—David Ivey