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Saal, Hubert, and Joseph B. Cumming, Jr. 1978. Sacred Singout. Newsweek (November 20).

Sabin, Robert. 1938. Early American Composers and Critics. Musical Quarterly 24(April):210-18.

Sabol, Steven. 1993-. Sacred Harp and Shape-Note Music: Resources. Bethesda, Maryland: The Author.

Sachse, Friedrich Julius. 1899-1900. The German Sectarians of Pennsylvania, 1742-1800. Philadelphia: The Author.

Sachse, Friedrich Julius. 1903. The Music of the Ephrata Cloister. Lancaster, Pennsylvania: The Author.

Sacred Harp Journal. 1987. Sacred Harp Journal (Reprint of first number, published August, 1931, Mineral Wells, Texas). National Sacred Harp Newsletter 2(March-July).

Saillant, John. 1997. Hymnody and the Persistence of an African-American Faith in Sierre Leone. The Hymn 48(1):8-17.

Salisbury, Dorothy C. 1965. Our American Christmas Carols. Daughters of the American Revolution Magazine 99(940-41, 1032).

Salter, Sumner. 1932. Early Encouragements to American Composers. Musical Quarterly 17(January):76f.

Salzman, L. F. 1920. Little Busy Watts. Cornhill Magazine (London) 122(October):472-78. Reprint. Living Age 307(November 13, 1920):425-27.

Sampson, George. 1948. Isaac Watts, 1647-1748. The Spectator (November 19).

Sanders, Robert L. 1961. Notes on the Tune "Albion". The Hymn 12(3):81-82.

Sandford, Gordon. 1968. A Sermon on Music from 1771. Colorado Journal of Research in Music Education 4:4-5.

Sands, Mollie. 1942. The Singing Master in 18th Century England. Music and Letters 23(January):69-80.

Sanville, George W. 1945. Forty Gospel Hymn Stories. Winona Lake, Indiana: Rodeheaver-Hall Mack Co.

Sasson, Dianne Hyde. 1978. 'The Stone': Versions of a Camp Meeting Song Collected in North Carolina. Southern Folklore Quarterly 42:375-384.

Satcher, Herbert B. 1949. Music of the Episcopal Church in Pennsylvania in the Eighteenth Century. Historical Magazine of the Protestant Episcopal Church 18:372-413.

Scanlon, Mary B. 1940. Lowell Mason in Music Education. M.A. thesis, Eastman School of Music, University of Rochester.

Scanlon, Mary B. 1942. Lowell Mason's Philosophy of Music Education. Music Educators Journal 28(January):24-25, 70.

Scanlon, Mary B. 1946. Thomas Hastings. Musical Quarterly 32(2):265-277.

Schmalz, Robert Frederick. 1966. A Survey of German Musical Influence on the American Singing-School Tradition (1865-1890), Gathered through the Examination of Selected Volumes Contained within the Hymnological Collection of the Pittsburgh Theological Seminary. Master's thesis, University of Pittsburgh.

Schmidt, G. Perle. 1965. The Singing School Movement in the United States. Church Musician 16(6):18-20.

Schmidt, Martin. 1962, 1966. John Wesley, A Theological Biography. Translated by Norman Goldhawk. 2 vol. Nashville: Abingdon Press.

Schmotter, James. 1975. Ministerial Careers in Eighteenth-Century New England: The Social Context, 1700-1760. Journal of Social History 9:256-58.

Schneider, A. Gregory. 1993. The Way of the Cross Leads Home: The Domestication of American Methodism. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

Scholes, Percy A. 1933. The Truth about the New England Puritans and Music. Musical Quarterly 19(January):1-17.

Scholes, Percy A. 1934. The Puritans and Music in England and New England: A Contribution to the Cultural History of Two Nations. London: Oxford University Press.

Scholes, Percy A. 1943a. Hymns and Hymn Tunes (Including Metrical Psalms). In Oxford Companion to Music. New York: Oxford University Press.

Scholes, Percy A. 1943b. Lancaschire Sol-Fa. In The Oxford Companion to Music. 8th edition. London: Oxford University Press.

Scholten, James W. 1972. The Chapins: A Study of Men and Sacred Music West of the Alleghenies, 1795-1842. Ed.D. dissertation, University of Michigan.

Scholten, James W. 1975. Amzi Chapin: Frontier Singing Master and Folk Hymn Composer. Journal of Research in Music Education (Summer).

Scholten, James W. 1976. Lucius Chapin: A New England Singing Master on the Frontier. Contributions to Music Education 4(4):64-76.

Scholten, James W. 1980a. Review of The Sacred Harp: A Tradition and its Music, by Buell E. Cobb Jr. (Athens University of Georgia Press, 1978). The Hymn 31:71-2.

Scholten, James W. 1980b. The Tunebook That Roars: The Sound and Style of Sacred Harp Singing. Music Educators Journal 66(6):32-37, 74-77.

Scholten, James W. 1980c. William Walker's Christian Harmony in Alabama: A Study of the Tunebook and its Traditions. Unpublished, Ohio University.

Schrader, Arthur. 1989. "Wilks," "No. 45," and Mr. Billings. American Music 7(4):412-29.

Schreiber, William I. 1962. The Hymns of the Amish Ausbund in Philological and Literary Perspective. Mennonite Quarterly Review 36(January):36-60.

Schultz, Patricia Bowers. 1984. A Comparison of the Traditional Welsh Gymanfa Ganu With Contemporary Local American Practices. DMA dissertation, University of Missouri-Kansas City.

Scott, Joseph Dennie. 1987. The Tunebooks of William Hauser (The Hesperian Harp, The Olive Leaf). D.M.A. thesis, New Orleans Baptist Theological Seminary.

Sears, E. H. 1861. History of the Oxford Singing-School. Monthly Religious Magazine 25(January):12-27.

Seeger, Charles. 1940. Contrapuntal Style in the Three-Voice Shape-Note Hymns. Musical Quarterly 26:483-493. Reprint. American Choral Review 18/4(1976):66-80.

Seeger, Charles. 1952. Preface. In Another Sheaf of White Spirituals, by George Pullen Jackson, vii-viii. Gainesville: University of Florida Press.

Seeger, Charles. 1955. Folk Music, U.S.A. In Grove's Dictionary of Music and Musicians. 5th edition. New York: St. Martin's Press.

Seeger, Charles. 1957. Music and Class Structure in the United States. American Quarterly 9:281-94.

Sermons of Watts. 1804. Sermons of Isaac Watts. Christian Observer 12:719.

Seroff, Doug. 1980. . Birmingham Quartet Scrapbook: A Quartet Reunion in Jefferson County. Program booklet for performance at Birmingham City Auditorium, October 12, 1980.

Seroff, Doug. 1990. The Original Fisk Jubilee Singers and the Spiritual Tradition, I: The Age of Minstrelsy. Keskidee 2:4-9, 21.

Seroff, Doug. 1995. Community and the Jefferson County, Alabama, Gospel Quartet Tradition. In In the Spirit: Alabama's Sacred Music Traditions, edited by Henry Willett, 89-100. Montgomery, Alabama: Black Belt Press.

Sessions, Kyle Cutler. 1963. Luther's Hymns in the Spread of the Reformation. Ph.D. dissertation, Ohio State University.

Seton, Bernard E. 1984. Our Heritage of Hymns: A Swift Survey. Berrien Springs, Mich.: Andrews University Press.

Seward, Theodore F. 1872. Jubilee Songs As Sung by the Jubilee Singers of Fisk University. New York: Bigelow and Main.

Seybolt, Robert Francis. 1925. The Evening School in Colonial America. Bureau of Educational Research, Bulletin No. 24. Urbana: College of Education, University of Illinois.

Seybolt, Robert Francis. 1935. The Public Schools of Colonial Boston (1635-1775). Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

Seymour, A. C. H. 1844. The Life and Times of Selina, Countess of Huntingdon. London: William Edward Painter.

Sharp, H. B. 1961. Church Band, Dumb Organist, and Organ. Galpin Society Journal 14:37-40.

Shave, Eric C. L. 1948. Isaac Watts. London: Independent Press.

Shaw, Liz. 1986. The Christian Harmony Master: Quay Smathers. National Sacred Harp Newsletter 1(February).

Sheffield, Lynn. 1989. In Memory of J. T. Pruitt. National Sacred Harp Newsletter 4(February).

Shepherd, T. B. 1934. Children's Verse of Dr. Watts and Charles Wesley. London Quarterly and Holborn Review 164(April):173-84.

Sherman, Elna. 1948. Ravenscroft's Psalter, 1621, and Its Place in the Early New England Scene. Bulletin of the American Musicological Society 11-13(September):32-34.

Shipton, Clifford. 1933-37. The New England Clergy of the "Glacial Age". Publications of the Colonial Society of Massachusetts, Transactions 32:24-54.

Short, H. Lismer. 1951. From Watts to Martineau: A Century of Unitarian Hymn Books in England. Transactions of the Unitarian Historical Society 10:6-18.

Shotwell, John B. 1902. A History of the Public Schools of Cincinnati. Cincinnati: The School Life Co.

Shotwell, Joyce M. 1976. The Origin of the Gospel Hymn and Its Development in the Nineteenth Century. Master's thesis, Baylor University.

Shurden, Walter B. 1967. Associationalism Among Baptists in America, 1707-1814. Doctor of Theology dissertation, New Orleans Baptist Theological Seminary.

Siltman, Bobby Lawrence. 1963. The Three-Voice Folk-Hymns of William Walker from Southern Harmony. M.M. thesis, Hardin-Simmons University.

Silveri, Louis D. 1988. The Singing Tour of the Fisk Jubilee Singers: 1871-1874. In Feel the Spirit: Studies in Nineteenth-Century Afro-American Music, edited by George R. Keck, and Sherrill V. Martin, 105-16. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press.

Simpich, F. 1931. Smoke Over Alabama. National Geographic Magazine 60(6):703-38.

Simpson, E. K. 1949. Isaac Watts: A Rounded Life. Evangelical Quarterly 21:190-202.

Sims, John N. 1960. The Hymnody of the Camp-Meeting Tradition. D.S.M. dissertation, Union Theological Seminary.

Singer, David. 1968. God and Man in Baptist Hymnals. Mid-Continent American Studies Journal 9(2):14-26.

Singin' Billy's Book. 1939. Singin' Billy's Book. Time (June 12):67.

Singing School. 1944. The Singing School. Missouri Historical Review 38(1944):325-30.

Singing School Master. 1851. The Singing School Master. Message Bird 37:609.

Sizer, Sandra S. 1978. Gospel Hymns and Social Religion: The Rhetoric of Nineteenth-Century Revivalism. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.

Skidmore, Max J. 1966. Hymns in the Life of the Confederate Soldier. Mississippi Quarterly 19:194-99.

Sluder, Claude K. 1977. The Ketchum Tune-Book: Examples of 18th-Century Hymnody in Indiana. Current Musicology 23(2):79-89.

Smith, Carl Henry. 1987. The Lined Hymn Tradition in Selected Black Churches of Eastern Kentucky. Doctoral dissertation, University of Pittsburgh.

Smith, Carleton Sprague. 1948. The 1774 Psalm Book of the Reformed Protestant Dutch Church in New York City. Musical Quarterly 34(January):84-96.

Smith, Carlton Y. 1956. Early Lutheran Hymnody in America. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Southern California.

Smith, James G. 1975. Da Capo [Firsthand Descriptions of Singing-Schools]. Choral Journal 16(November):25-26.

Smith, S. E. Boyd. 1993. The Effective Countess: Lady Huntingdon and the 1780 edition of A Select Collection of Hymns. The Hymn 44(3):26-32.

Smith, Timothy Alan. 1981. The Southern Folk-Hymn, 1802-1860: A History and Musical Analysis, with Notes on Performance Practice. Ph.D. dissertation, California State University, Fullerton.

Smith, Timothy Alan. 1983. The Southern Folk-Hymn, 1800-1860: Notes on Performance Practice. Choral Journal 23(7):23-29.

Smith, Timothy Alan. 1988. A Taxonomy of Pitch Formations, and an Implication-Realization Analysis of Folk-Hymn Melodies from the Repository of Sacred Music, Part Second, Kentucky Harmony, Southern Harmony, and Sacred Harp. DMA thesis, University of Oregon.

Smith, Timothy L. 1957. Revivalism and Social Reform in Mid-Nineteenth-Century America. New York: Abingdon Press.

Smith, Timothy L. 1967. Protestant Schooling and American Nationality, 1800-1850. Journal of American History 53:679-95.

Smity, Mary L. 1986. Jackson Wiley Hicks. National Sacred Harp Newsletter 2(October).

Snyder, Perry A. 1976. A Note on Sacred Harp Singing. Mid-South Folklore 4:35-36.

Soifer, Joseph Harry. 1951. The Folk Spirit in Contemporary American Music and Its Use in Music Education. M.Mus.Ed. thesis, Hartt College of Music, University of Hartford.

Sonneck, Oscar George. 1905a. A Bibliography of Early Secular American Music. Washington: Library of Congress, Music Division. Revised and enlarged by William Treat Upton, 1945. Reprint. New York: Da Capo Press, 1964.

Sonneck, Oscar George. 1905b. "Francis Hopkinson, the First American Poet-Composer (1737-1791)" and "James Lyon, Patriot, Preacher, Psalmodist (1735-1794)". Washington, D.C.: H. L. McQueen. Reprint. New York: DaCapo Press, 1976.

Sonneck, Oscar George. 1907. Early Concert-Life in America, 1731-1800. Leipzig. Reprint. New York: Musurgia, 1949.

Sonneck, Oscar George. 1921. The History of Music in America. In Miscellaneous Studies in the History of Music. Reprint. New York: AMS Press, 1970.

Sonneck, Oscar George. 1969. Suum crique: Essays in Music. Freeport, New York: Books for Libraries Press.

Sonneck, Oscar George. 1983. Oscar Sonneck and American Music. Urbana: University of Illinois Press. Edited for the Sonneck Society by William Lichtenwanger.

Sonneck, Oscar G. n.d. Francis Hopkinson and James Lyon. Washington: H. L. McQueen. Reprint. New York: Da Capo Press, 1967.

Southern, Eileen. 1972. An Origin for the Negro Spiritual. The Black Scholar 3(10):8-13. Reprint. Errol Hill, ed., The Theater of Black Americans: A Collection of Critical Essays (New York: Applause, 1983), 89-98.

Southern, Eileen. 1986-87. Hymnals of the Black Church. Journal of the Interdenominational Theological Seminary 14(1-2).

Southey, Charles Culbert. n.d.-a. The Life of Cowper. . With notes by S. T. Coleridge.

Southey, Charles Culbert. n.d.-b. The Life of Wesley, and Rise & Progress of Methodism. . With notes by S. T. Coleridge.

Sparrow, John. 1966. George Herbert and John Donne among the Moravians. In Hymns Unbidden: Donne, Herbert, Blake, Emily Dickinson, and the Hymnographers, edited by Martha Winburn England, 1-30. New York: New York Public Library.

Spell, Lota May. 1919. A History of Musical Education in the United States. M.A. thesis, University of Texas at Austin.

Spell, Lota May. 1922. The First Teacher of European Music in America. Catholic Historical Review 2 n.s.(October):372-78.

Spell, Lota May. 1927. Music Teaching in New Mexico in the Seventeenth Century: The Beginnings of Music Education in the United States. New Mexico Historical Review 2(January):27-36. Reprinted as book. Santa Fe, New Mexico: El Palacio Press, 1927.

Spell, Lota May. 1929. The First Music-Books Printed in America. Musical Quarterly 15(January):50-54.

Spencer, Claude E. 1949-50. The Campbell Hymn Book. Discipliana 8(January, 1949):47-48, 9(April, 1949):3-4, 9(July, 1949):15-16, 9(October, 1949):31-32, 9(January, 1950):43-45.

Spencer, John H. 1885. A History of Kentucky Baptists, from 1769 to 1885, Including More than 800 Biographical Sketches. Cincinnati.

Spencer, Jon Michael. 1990. The Hymnody of the African Methodist Episcopal Church. American Music 8(3):274-293.

Spencer, L. H. 1966. The Sacred Harp and Shape-Note Tradition: An Encounter and Discussion. Unpublished paper, cited in Kelton 1985.

Spiess, Lincoln B. 1964. Benavides and Church Music in New Mexico in the Early 17th Century. Journal of the American Musicological Society 17:144-56.

Spiess, Lincoln B. 1965. Church Music in Seventeenth-Century New Mexico. New Mexico Historical Review 40:5-21.

Sponseller, Amos Nevin. 1941. The Origin and Development of Public School Music in Pennsylvania. Ed.D. dissertation, Temple University.

Stainer, John. 1900. On the Musical Introductions Found in Certain Metrical Psalters. Proceedings of the (Royal) Musical Association 27(November 13):1-50.

Stanislaw, Richard J. 1976. Choral Performance Practice in the Four-Shape Literature of American Frontier Singing Schools. Doctoral dissertation, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

Stanislaw, Richard J. 1978a. A Checklist of Four-Shape Shape-Note Tunebooks. Brooklyn: Institute for Studies in American Music, Brooklyn College of the City University of New York.

Stanislaw, Richard J. 1978b. The Part Assignments in Nineteenth-Century Four-Shape Note Books. Choral Journal 18(6):14-21.

Stanley, D. H. 1982. The Gospel-Singing Convention in South Georgia. Journal of American Folklore 95:1-32.

Stansbury, Arthur Joseph. 1835. Trial of the Rev. Lyman Beecher, D.D., Before the Presbytery of Cincinnati, on the Charge of Heresy. New York: New York Observer.

Stanton, Charles Kenny. 1975. Henry E. Meyer and American Folk Hymnody. M.C.M. thesis, Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary.

Starbird, George M. n.d. The Adaptation of the Baptist Associational Movement in America to its Environment. M.S.S. thesis, University of Chicago.

Steel, David Warren. 1976. Truman S. Wetmore (1774-1861): Connecticut Psalmodist. M.A. thesis, University of Michigan.

Steel, David Warren. 1980a. Sacred Music in Early Winchester. Connecticut Historical Society Bulletin 45(April):33-44.

Steel, David Warren. 1980b. Truman S. Wetmore and His 'Republican Harmony'. Connecticut Historical Society Bulletin 45(July):75-89.

Steel, David Warren. 1981. Secular Shape-Note Songsters. Paper presented to the Society for Ethnomusicology, Southeast and Caribbean Chapter, Tallahassee, Florida.

Steel, David Warren. 1982. Stephen Jenks (1772-1855): American Composer and Tunebook Compiler (New England). Ph.D. dissertation, University of Michigan.

Steel, David Warren. 1983. Sacred Harp Singers: A Musical Subculture. Paper presented to the American Folklore Society, Nashville, Tennessee.

Steel, David Warren. 1984. Review of Folksongs of the Catskills (Albany State University of New York, . Journal of Musicological Research 5(1-3):260-64.

Steel, David Warren. 1985. Lazarus J. Jones (1816-1897): Mississippi's First Folksong Collector. Paper presented to the Society for Ethnomusicology, Southeast and Caribbean Chapter, and to the Mississippi Folklore Society, Biloxi, Mississippi.

Steel, David Warren. 1987. Men of Rough Exteriors: The Biographies of Southern Tunebook Compilers. Paper presented to the Sonneck Society, Pittsburgh.

Steel, David Warren. 1988a. John Wyeth and the Development of Southern Folk Hymnody. In Music from the Middle Ages through the Twentieth Century: Essays in Honor of Gwynn S. McPeek, 357-374. New York: Gordon and Breach.

Steel, David Warren. 1988b. Lazarus J. Jones and The Southern Minstrel (1849). American Music 6(2):123-157.

Steel, David Warren. 1988c. Sacred Harp Singing Today: A Cultural Geography. Lecture presented to the Church Music Symposium, Mercer University, Atlanta.

Steel, David Warren. 1989a. Creolization and European Elements in the Afro-American Traditional Chorus. Paper presented to the Conference on Contemporary Black American Congregational Song and Worship Traditions, Smithsonian Institution.

Steel, David Warren. 1989b. Review of The Southern Harmony and Musical Companion, by William Walker. Ethnomusicology 33(2):343-345.

Steel, David Warren. 1990a. Review of Deborah C. Loftis, "Big Singing Day in Benton, Kentucky: A Study of the History, Ethnic Identity and Musical Style of Southern Harmony Singers" (Ph.D. dissertation, University of Kentucky, 1987) Southern Baptist Church Music Journal 7(1990):76-78.

Steel, David Warren. 1990b. Review of Mai Hogan Kelton, "Analysis of the Music Curriculum of Sacred Harp (American Tune-book, 1971 Edition) and its Continuing Traditions" (Ed.D. dissertation, University of Alabama, 1985) Council for Research in Music Education Bulletin 103(Winter):39-43.

Steel, David Warren. 1994. Stephen Jenks and Psalmody in the Middle States. Lecture and workshop presented to the New York State Sacred Harp Singing Convention, Ithaca.

Steel, David Warren. 1996a. Herman Mann of Dedham, Music Printer. Paper presented to the Sonneck Society, Washington, D.C.

Steel, David Warren. 1996b. Review of Wiregrass Sacred Harp Singers, The Colored Sacred Harp. Notes by Barbara L. Hampton. (Recorded Anthology of American Music, New World Records NW 80433-2, 1993). American Music.

Steel, David Warren. 1996c. The Sacred Harp Singing Tradition in Mississippi. Paper presented to the Mississippi Historical Society, Tupelo.

Steel, David Warren. 1997. Early Shape-Note Singing in the Shenandoah Valley. Lecture presented to the Singers Glen Music and Heritage Festival, Singers Glen, Virginia, 1997.

Steel, David Warren, and Richard Crawford. 1979. Review of The Sacred Harp: A Tradition and its Music, by Buell E. Cobb Jr. (Athens University of Georgia Press, 1979). American Historical Review 84:1154.

Steele, Annie K. 1916. The Music of Our South. Etude 34:263-64.

Steese, Peter B. 1963. Dennis's Influence on Watts' "Preface" to Horae Lyricae. Philological Quarterly 42(April):275-77.

Stegall, Joel R. 1978. Shape Notes and Choral Singing: Did We Throw Out the Baby with the Bath Water? Choral Journal 19(2):5-10.

Steimle, A. 1905. Church Music in the Lutheran Church of America. New Music Review 4:109ff.

Steinberg, Judith T. 1973. Old Folks Concerts and the Revival of New England Psalmody. Musical Quarterly 59:602-19.

Stephenson, William Eaton. 1963. The Heroic Hymn of Isaac Watts. Ph.D. dissertation, University of California, Berkeley.

Stevens, Harry R. 1943. The Haydn Society of Cincinnati, 1819-1824. Ohio State Archaeological and Historical Quarterly 52:95-119.

Stevens, Harry R. 1947a. Adventure in Refinement: Early Concert Life in Cincinnati, 1810-1826. Bulletin of the Historical and Philosophical Society of Ohio 5(3):8-22.

Stevens, Harry R. 1947b. Further Adventure in Refinement: Early Concert Life in Cincinnati. Bulletin of the Historical and Philosophical Society of Ohio 5(4):22-32.

Stevens, Harry R. 1948. Folk Music on the Midwestern Frontier, 1788-1825. Ohio State Archeological and Historical Quarterly 57(2):126-46.

Stevens, Harry R. 1952. New Foundations: Cincinnati Concert Life, 1826-1830. Bulletin of the Historical and Philosophical Society of Ohio 10(26):26-38.

Stevenson, Arthur Linwood. 1931. The Story of Southern Hymnology. Salem, Virginia: Stevenson. Reprint. New York: AMS Press, 1975.

Stevenson, Robert M. 1948. Watts in America: Bicentenary Reflections on the Growth of Watts' Reputation in America. Harvard Theological Review 41(3).

Stevenson, Robert M. 1949. Dr. Watts' "Flights of fancy". Harvard Theological Review 42(4):235-53.

Stevenson, Robert M. 1950. John Wesley's First Hymnbook. Review of Religion 14(2).

Stevenson, Robert M. 1950-51. Ira D. Sankey and "Gospel Hymnody". Religion in Life 20:81-88.

Stevenson, Robert M. 1953. Patterns of Protestant Church Music. Durham, North Carolina: Duke University Press.

Stevenson, Robert M. 1966. Protestant Church Music in America: A Short Survey of Men and Movements from 1564 to the Present. New York: W. W. Norton and Company.

Stevenson, Robert M. 1974. Protestant Music in America. In Protestant Church Music, edited by Friedrich Blume, 637-90. New York: Norton.

Stevenson, Robert M. 1977-78. American Musical Scholarship: Parker to Thayer. 19th-Century Music 1:191-210.

Stevenson, Robert M. 1978a. Bradbury in Europe. The Hymn 29(July):147-51.

Stevenson, Robert M. 1978b. Jeremiah Clarke Hymn Tunes in Colonial America. The Hymn 29(1):15-18.

Stevenson, Robert M. 1979. The Eighteenth-Century Hymn Tune. International Music Review 2(1):1-33.

Stevenson, Robert M. 1980. The Eighteenth-Century Hymn Tune. In English Hymnology in the Eighteenth Century. Los Angeles.

Stewart, John. 1872. Highways and Hedges; or, Fifty Years of Western Methodism. Cincinnati: Hitchcock and Walden.

Stewart, Roger Dean. 1967. The Contributions of Edmund S. Lorenz to American Chruch Music. M.C.M. thesis, Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary.

Stewart, Thomas H. 1980. Psalms, Hymns, and Spritual Songs: Geneses of Gospel Song Poems. Tennessee Folklore Society Bulletin 46:68-72.

Stigberg, David Kenneth. 1970. Congregational Psalmody in Eighteenth Century New England: An Analytical Study of the Psalm-Tune Collections of John Tufts and Thomas Walter. M.A. thesis, University of Illinois.

Stimpfle, Jerry. 1972. They Sing of a Heaven (film). Oxford: Motion Picture Production, University of Mississippi.

Stone, James H. 1957. Mid-Nineteenth Century American Beliefs in the Social Value of Music. Musical Quarterly 43(January):38-49.

Stone, Michael K. 1976. Heav'n Rescued Land: American Hymns and American Destiny. Journal of Popular Culture 10:133-41.

Stone, Wilbur Macey. 1918. The Divine and Moral Songs of Isaac Watts. New York: The Triptych (private printing).

Stone, W. M. 1941. New England Primer and Watts' Divine Songs. Horn Book 17(May):217-29.

Stopp, Jacklin Bolton. 1985. A. N. Johnson. American Music 3(2):152-70.

Stoutamire, Albert L. 1960. A History of Music in Richmond, Virginia, from 1742 to 1865. Ed.D. dissertation, Florida State University.

Stoutamire, Albert L. 1963. Musical Life in Late Eighteenth-Century Richmond. Journal of Research in Music Education 11:99-109.

Stoutamire, Albert L. 1972. The Music Conventions. In Music of the Old South, 216-18. Rutherford, New Jersey: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press.

Strickling, George F. 1954. The Bay Psalm Book. Choral and Organ Guide 7(1):25-26.

Strongin, Ted. 1959. The Sacred Songs Roll Like Thunder. Chattanooga Times (September 20). Reprint. Chicago Sacred Harp Newsletter 6(August, 1990).

Strunk, Oliver. 1937. Early Music Publishing in the United States. Papers of the Bibliographical Society of America 31.

Strunk, Oliver. 1950. Source Readings in Music History. New York: Norton.

Struss, Janet Sue. 1978. River Symbolism in the American Gospel Song. M.A. thesis, University of Pittsburgh.

Stuart, Angela. 1970. That Part of Publick Worship Called Singing. Yankee 34(12):110ff.

Sunderman, Lloyd Frederick. 1939. A History of Public School Music in the United States (1830-1890). Ph.D. dissertation, University of Minnesota.

Sunderman, Lloyd Frederick. 1941a. The Advent of Method in Music Education. Education 61(May):555-561.

Sunderman, Lloyd Frederick. 1941b. The Beginnings of Singing in America. Journal of Musicology 3(Fall):101-19.

Sunderman, Lloyd Frederick. 1941c. Early Methods of Popularizing Music Education. Journal of Musicology 2(Summer):60-66.

Sunderman, Lloyd Frederick. 1941d. The First Champion of American Public School Music. Journal of Musicology 3(Winter):173-78.

Sunderman, Lloyd Frederick. 1941e. History of Public School Music in the United States, 1830-1890. Educational Record 22(April):205-11.

Sunderman, Lloyd Frederick. 1942a. Chicago's Centennial of School Music. Music Educators Journal 28(April):28-30, 63-64.

Sunderman, Lloyd Frederick. 1942b. Sign Posts in the History of American Music Education. Education 62(May):519-529.

Sunderman, Lloyd Frederick. 1944. Lowell Mason, Father of American Music Education. Journal of Musicology 4(November):6-17.

Sunderman, Lloyd Frederick. 1951. Early Music Education in Massachusetts. Education 72(September):46f.

Sunderman, Lloyd Frederick. 1956. The Era of Beginnings in American Music Education (1830-1840). Journal of Research in Music Education 4(Spring):33-39.

Suojanen, Paivikki. 1984. Finnish Folk Hymn Singing: Study in Music Anthropology. Tampere: University of Tampere Institute for Folk Tradition.

Surman, C. E. 1965. Isaac Watts, Schoolmaster. Transactions of the Unitarian Historical Society 13:122-23.

Sutton, Brett. 1977. In the Good Old Way: Primitive Baptist Traditions. Southern Exposure 5(2/3):97-104.

Sutton, Brett. 1982. Liner notes to Primitive Baptist Hymns of the Blue Ridge. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.

Sutton, Brett. 1988. Speech, Chant, and Song: Patterns of Language and Action in a Southern Church. In Diversities of Gifts: Field Studies in Southern Religion, edited by Ruel Tyson, Jr., James L. Peacock, and Daniel W. Patterson. Urbana: University of Illinois Press.

Sutton, Joel Brett. 1976. The Gospel Hymn, Shaped Notes, and the Black Traditon: Continuity and Change in American Traditional Music. M.A. thesis, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

Sutton, Walter. 1947. Cincinnati as a Frontier Publishing and Book Trade Center, 1796-1830. Ohio State Archaeological and Historical Quarterly 56(April):117-43.

Sutton, Walter. 1961. The Western Book Trade: Cincinnati as a Nineteenth-Century Publishing and Book-Trade Center. Columbus: Ohio State University for the Ohio Historical Society.

Sweet, William Warren, ed. 1920. The Rise of Methodism in the West: Being the Journal of the Western Conference, 1800-1811. Cincinnati: Methodist Book Concern.

Sweet, William Warren, ed. 1923. Circuit-Rider Days Along the Ohio. Cincinnati: Methodist Book Concern.

Sweet, William Warren. 1930. The Story of Religion in America. New York: Harper and Brothers.

Sweet, William Warren, ed. 1936a. Religion on the American Frontier: Volume 1, The Baptists 1783-1830. New York: Henry Holt and Company.

Sweet, William Warren. 1936b. Religion on the American Frontier: Volume 2, The Presbyterians 1783-1840. New York: Harper and Brothers.

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